Every three years, Wilder Research conducts a one-night statewide survey of homeless people in Minnesota to better understand the prevalence, causes, circumstances, and effects of homelessness. The most recent study was conducted on October 22, 2015.
As part of this study, Wilder Research analyzed a subset of the overall population: U.S. military Veterans experiencing homelessness.
Homelessness among Veterans in Minnesota decreased since 2012.
Targeted efforts to reduce homelessness among military Veterans appear to be paying off. The estimated number of Veterans surveyed in the study decreased by approximately 27 percent from 2012 to 2015; this decrease outpaces the overall decrease in the statewide homeless population (9% decrease from 2012 to 2015).
- Most homeless Veterans are older. The average age of homeless Veterans in Minnesota is 51. This is a decade older than the average age of the overall homeless adult population.
- Veterans experience high levels of chronic homelessness. Six out of 10 homeless Veterans have been without stable housing for a year or longer. One out of 3 has been homeless at least three years.
- Most homeless Veterans have serious health issues. This includes serious mental illness (62%), chronic health conditions (61%), substance abuse disorder (31%), or other conditions that limit work or activities of daily living. Over one-third of all homeless Veterans (36%) likely have a brain injury.
- Nearly one-third (32%) of homeless Veterans are employed and employment rates have risen since 2012. Of those employed, 15 percent were employed full time. Compared to 2012, homeless Veterans in 2015 were more likely to be employed (32% in 2015 versus 22% in 2012), and those employed were more likely to make $10 per hour or more (67% in 2015 versus 52% in 2012).
Detailed Data Tables
Detailed data tables from face-to-face interviews are available for individuals who meet the Federal definition of a Veteran (active duty for at least one day) and for individuals who meet the Minnesota definition of Veteran (a more specific definition). Data for both definitions are available by category below. All 2015 data tables are available in PDF format.
Homelessness in MN
Homelessness in MN-Summary
Homelessness on American Indian Reservations
Homeless Older Adults in MN
Homeless Veterans in MN
Long-term Homelessness in MN
Youth on their Own
Homelessness in Fargo-Moorhead