Every three years, Wilder Research conducts a one-night statewide survey of homeless people in Minnesota to better understand the prevalence, causes, circumstances, and effects of homelessness. The most recent study was conducted on October 22, 2015.

As part of this study, Wilder Research analyzed a subset of the overall population: U.S. military Veterans experiencing homelessness.

Homelessness among Veterans in Minnesota decreased since 2012.

Targeted efforts to reduce homelessness among military Veterans appear to be paying off. The estimated number of Veterans surveyed in the study decreased by approximately 27 percent from 2012 to 2015; this decrease outpaces the overall decrease in the statewide homeless population (9% decrease from 2012 to 2015).

Key Findings

  • Most homeless Veterans are older. The average age of homeless Veterans in Minnesota is 51. This is a decade older than the average age of the overall homeless adult population.
  • Veterans experience high levels of chronic homelessness. Six out of 10 homeless Veterans have been without stable housing for a year or longer. One out of 3 has been homeless at least three years.
  • Most homeless Veterans have serious health issues. This includes serious mental illness (62%), chronic health conditions (61%), substance abuse disorder (31%), or other conditions that limit work or activities of daily living. Over one-third of all homeless Veterans (36%) likely have a brain injury.
  • Nearly one-third (32%) of homeless Veterans are employed and employment rates have risen since 2012. Of those employed, 15 percent were employed full time. Compared to 2012, homeless Veterans in 2015 were more likely to be employed (32% in 2015 versus 22% in 2012), and those employed were more likely to make $10 per hour or more (67% in 2015 versus 52% in 2012).

Read the full report: Homeless Veterans in Minnesota 2015 (pdf)

Detailed Data Tables

Detailed data tables from face-to-face interviews are available for individuals who meet the Federal definition of a Veteran (active duty for at least one day) and for individuals who meet the Minnesota definition of Veteran (a more specific definition). Data for both definitions are available by category below. All 2015 data tables are available in PDF format.

Demographic characteristics
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Current episode and history of homelessness
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Housing history
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Placement outside of the home
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Correctional facilities
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Income and service use
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Employment
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Military veterans
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Homeless adults with children
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Physical and mental health
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Tobacco, alcohol, and chemical dependency
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Physical and sexual abuse
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Contact with family
Federal definition | Minnesota definition

Detailed data tables from previous studies.